Hero or Menace? Exclusive Daily Bugle Photos!

The fiction: Spider-Man, released 2002. Director: Sam Raimi. Property master: Robin L Miller.

The newspaper: Daily Bugle

One thing I never considered when I started editing newspaper copy is that almost nobody knows how to write “Spider-Man”. That’s capital S, capital M and a hyphen in between. Reporters get it wrong all the time (usually it’s in the context of a rented superhero costume at a charity fundraiser). If you ran a newspaper that regularly covered the wall-crawler himself, you’d need to keep a tight leash on this point of style. In fact, you would need somebody fearsome, hard-edged and always demanding the best out of his team. And they don’t come any better than J Jonah Jameson.

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Making a Prophet

The fiction: Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, released 2001. Director: Chris Columbus. Props master: Barry Wilkinson.

The newspaper: Daily Prophet

Journalism doesn’t really start to be important to the Harry Potter series until around the fourth book — not coincidentally, this is after JK Rowling became famous and the newspapers started writing about her. But Rita Skeeter, bugging and Rowling’s testimony to the Leveson Inquiry are some way off, because the Daily Prophet was still around in the Potterverse from the start. So, how do you make a newspaper stand out in a world where pictures can already move?

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Bourne and read

The fiction: The Bourne Ultimatum, released 2007. Director: Paul Greengrass. Props (London second unit): Alex Boswell, Matthew Broderick*, John Moore

*Almost certainly not that one, but this is what the credits say.

The newspaper: The Guardian

It would be easy to scoff at the reputation of the Bourne franchise of spy thrillers. The cameras shake like they’re on board the Enterprise and it’s gritty in the sense that The Bourne Identity came out in the same year as Die Another Day. There are episodes of Barney that look gritty compared to Die Another Day’s invisible car, melting glacier kite-surfing and diamond-faced henchman. But there is a dedication to reality and verisimilitude in the Bourne films, and you only need to watch the start of the third film to see why.

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Sex, spies, salacious front pages

The fiction: London Spy, 2015 television drama. Director: Jakob Verbruggen. Props master: Jim Grindley/Ewan Robertson.

The newspapers: Daily Express, The Independent Times

Where once a conspiracy thriller’s hero would be a tenacious reporter, or an ordinary man who would approach a reporter to blow the lid off the grand deception, anybody with a USB stick and a laptop can get onto WikiLeaks. So what role is left for newspapers in the BBC’s latest such thriller, London Spy? Well, to menace the hero in a way that would make Lord Leveson tremble.

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“Hey Doc, this date… wait, this is tomorrow’s newspaper!”

An update and addendum to “A Chronological History of the Hill Valley Telegraph”, examining newspapers in the Back to the Future trilogy.

When Marty McFly travelled to 2015 in Back to the Future Part II he did not find an issue of the Hill Valley Telegraph, a local newspaper whose legacy stretches back far. So where was it? It had been swallowed by a huge corporation, in the form of USA Today.

“Is there a review of Jaws 19 in here?”

The depiction of October 21, 2015 in the film was — as we know, it now being firmly The Past — largely inaccurate. But USA Today’s capitalistic zeal to squeeze every penny out of its audience was right on the money. And, for once, it’s hard to ignore. Because USA Today published a wraparound cover for their October 22, 2015 paper, and it looks like this:

CR822JPWEAAXPl_

It’s a pretty neat trick, and as a devoted fan of Back to the Future I find it incredibly cool. (And if you want it yourself, USA Today is selling them at $4.95 a go.)

But it’s not an exact replica for a few reasons. Firstly, Back to the Future Part II leaves proceedings with the front page changed to “GANG JAILED” about Griff and his cohorts get themselves arrested. Still, I’m sure it won’t be half as recognisable to have Thomas F Wilson on your celebratory cover wrap than Michael J Fox. (Sorry, Mr Wilson, but it’s true.)

The text of the main story matches up with the original prop, delightfully, and is now far more readable than it ever was on screen.

And while almost everything else on the page matches up with what we see in the film, there’s a notable exception in “Queen Diana”. Having died in a car accident in 1997, and with Elizabeth II still on the throne, it’s deemed a bit tasteless to have a gag about Diana being the British monarch on a very light-hearted PR exercise.

In the Newsline column it’s simply omitted, with the “KELP PRICE INCREASE” moved up to accommodate. In the top-right corner, under the yellow banner for Hill Valley, “Washington prepares for Queen Diana’s visit” has been replaced by “3D billboards: Free speech or traffic hazards?”

It’s a nice little joke, certainly one less likely to date badly, and like much of the rest of this souvenir edition’s inventions — because there were parts of the page we didn’t see on screen — it references some other bits of the future as seen in the movie: a review of Jaws 19, self-adjusting jackets, rehydrated pizza slices, Cafe ’80s, and so on. It’s an impressive cobbling together of Back to the Future jokes that shows how affectionate people feel towards Robert Zemeckis’s greatest accomplishment.

And in celebrating the trilogy, guess what turned out to be most important all over again? Newspapers.

There's even an ad for Jaws 19...
There’s even an ad for Jaws 19…
...and the USA Today drone makes a reappearance!
…and the USA Today drone makes a reappearance!

(Both pictures from @alexgriendling.)

A lesson in misteaks: Hot Fuzz and Tim Messenger

The fiction: Hot Fuzz, released 2007. Director: Edgar Wright. Props master: David “Springer” Horrill

The newspaper: Sandford Citizen

A sleepy town full of flowers, churchyards and the elderly. Such a sight would not be complete in Britain unless there was a local newspaper that regularly struggled to find anything exciting for the front page… if only the editor knew that the Neighbourhood Watch Alliance was secretly murdering ne’er-do-wells left, right and centre! That’s not quite the set-up to Hot Fuzz, because Edgar Wright and Simon Pegg astutely observed that making the police the centre of attention means lots of third act gunfights. I don’t blame them — and, in fact, Wright did a stellar job of representing local journalism anyway. Continue reading

He is Iron Man

The fiction: Iron Man 3, released 2013. Director: Shane Black. Props master: Russell Bobbitt.

The newspapers: USA Today, The Washington InquirerRose Hill WeeklyThe Daily Times

Tony Stark, you would think, has little call for printed newspapers. His super-cool house is packed with technology and artificial intelligence, negating any need for a few slices of dead tree to deliver the headlines. JARVIS probably reads them to him in the shower. And yet, in Iron Man 3, we see that newspapers are still important.

Because although Stark has no need for newspapers, he does have a need for news. After the Chinese theatre is bombed, ostensibly by the Mandarin, Tony brings up a holographic map of the United States are tries to find other, similar bombings. Thanks to the diligent reporting of the American press, he soon finds what he’s after: an incident in Rose Hill in Tennessee, a suspected suicide bombing. (The man — infected with Extremis technology — did blow up, we find out, but it wasn’t actually his choice.)

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First up and barely visible for more than a frame as JARVIS sorts through the news is this front page story.

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Although only the bottom half of the masthead is visible here it looks like the title might be The Washington Inquirer. This not a real paper, although it does appear in Anna Hastings by Allen Drury. For such a big, dramatic story — and suicide bombings in America are huge news — the headline is a little plain for my taste. It also seems to suggest that Rose Hill (also not real, though the scenes were shot in Rose Hill, North Carolina) is a well-known place, or else it would be stupid to put that in a headline. “TENNESSEE SUICIDE BOMBING” would fit that space just as well.

The second story is headlined “Suspect Named, Six Killed in Blast”. I know it’s an American convention to capitalise every word, except the small ones, but it still irritates me whenever I see it. But it’s probably what the Inquirer would do if it existed with us on Earth-1218.

It’s a little bit strange, though, that is a second story. It has a separate byline, so it must be a different article from the one above it. But that suggests that the big story about the suicide bombing doesn’t talk much about the naming of the suspect (plausible, its focus is on the bombing) and doesn’t mention how many people died (absolutely stupid).

iron man three 2

Next up JARVIS shuffles through to the Rose Hill Weekly, presumably the local paper of the small Tennessee town. And, frankly, they should all be fired.

Local newspapers dream of the day when huge news happens on their doorsteps. They can clear away the news about men caught stealing a single baguette or the success of a charity fundraiser’s jazz band, it’s time to run several pages of coverage on a devastating event with the tastefulness and decency that distinguish its own coverage from the national media.

rose hill

I quite like the masthead of the paper — although there’s a small blur that indicates there’s a “The” as part of the title, which I’m less keen on. The red banner line containing the date, price, web address is smartly done. And the serif font for their headline looks blocky and bold enough to work well, even if they do insist on Capping Up Each Word.

But if the font is OK then the words are abysmal. “Small Town Suicide Bombing” says the paper exclusively about the small town. There’s a thing that really annoys some sub-editors when reporters on local newspapers describe somebody as a “local man” or “happening at the local venue…”. Because of course it’s local. Everything in the damn paper is local to the area the paper is sold. It’s hugely unnecessary. And this headline takes that to a baffling extreme. Imagine picking up the New York Post and instead of “Man murdered in shoot-out” you got the headline “Shoot-out in big city”. You’d be scratching your head wondering which big city, and — upon realising it’s New York — you might wonder just what the subs had been smoking.

It just gets worse with the sub-headline as well: “6 Killed In Rose Hill Including Ex-Army Bomber”.

That’s an atrocious sub-head and there’s several reasons why. General style conventions for newspapers — and I can only speak from a UK perspective here, apologies if it’s not the case in America — say to spell out the numbers one through nine, then switch to digits for 10 and higher. Unless you’re starting a sentence with a number, in which case spell it out. You could probably make exceptions here and there for headlines, so the Rose Hill Weekly might just skate by.

Less forgiveable is repetition. “Bombing” in the headline and “Bomber” in the sub — it just looks a bit messy and certainly unprofessional to have two bomb words so close to each other. Worse yet, the end of the sub-head is ambiguous. Is the suicide bomber ex-army or is one of the victims a former bomber for the army? It’s the sort of dreadfully unclear phrase you would type at first then change when looking back over it.

And, worst of all, “Rose Hill”. Not content with calling their own, and only, patch a small town they’ve now included the name in the sub-headline. Why? Again, it’s in the local paper so there is a strong chance it actually happened in the local area. There is no need whatsoever to specify — especially if the town is so small that everybody is already aware.

If we were to be generous, we could speculate that the Rose Hill Weekly was short of time in producing this edition. Or short of almost all their trained staff.

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Finally we come to USA Today. It appears in films a lot. It’s got that very nice, clean and simple design with a big blue circle for a logo. I’m not quite so taken with the large gap after “lives” on the cover of this edition and the matching white-space horror after “son” in the right-hand column. It also seems remarkable that the paper has picked a picture of the bomber as its big splash picture and not some scene of fiery carnage, of which the Rose Hill Weekly appeared to be in possession.

What’s strangest about all of this, of course, is that JARVIS has given Tony three newspaper front pages. I’m not arguing the news shouldn’t be on the front page, because it absolutely should in anyone’s news judgment. No, the oddity is that it’s copies of printed papers. There would be dozens and dozens of articles about this incident online and they’re far easier to pull off the internet than PDFs of newspapers, and yet Tony Stark seems to prefer the print look. Perhaps he isn’t such a futurist after all.

Indeed, when he actually ends up in Rose Hill, Tennessee, he comes across a real, physical example of local news reporting.

iron man three

Yep, The Daily Times. I actually quite liked Iron Man 3 — except the portentous narration — but I must have rolled my eyes at this. It just smacks of laziness and the most obvious title for a newspaper. If you asked a seven-year-old to come up with the name of a paper, he’d give you “The Daily Times” and you would smile out of politeness.

So imagine my surprise when I went to thedailytimes.com and discovered that it’s a real newspaper. Not only that, but it’s a newspaper based in Tennessee. If Tony Stark actually found himself in small town Tennessee it’s more than likely he would pick up a copy of The Daily Times. That’s some impressive dedication from Marvel as a production studio, especially given that their vast back catalogue of comic books surely contains dozens of newspapers (which this blog hopes to eventually cover).

The paper itself has an account of how the process worked:

Daily Times Publisher Carl Esposito received a call last year [2012] from a Marvel Studios representative wanting to use the publication as an on-set prop.

“My first thought was, ‘How’d you choose us?’” Esposito said. “They told me they were looking at various newspapers in the East Tennessee region, and ours caught their eye.”

According to Stephen Broussard, one of the executive producers of the superhero film, said he’s “almost certain” the paper — bearing The Daily Times logo and a headline that ties in to a certain plot point of the movie — is clearly visible for a frame or two when it’s held up by actor Robert Downey Jr., who plays the title character and his alter-ego, Tony Stark.

Although the filmmakers could have chosen to create their own newspaper, decisions like reaching out to The Daily Times help sell a fantasy film like Iron Man 3, Broussard said.

“Every movie lives or dies by thousands and thousands of tiny decisions,” said Broussard, who’s also produced such Marvel films as Captain America: The First Avenger and The Incredible Hulk.

“One of the things we strive for, because they’re set in this superhero reality, is to ground them in the real world,” he added. “If the viewer feels like it’s happening in the real world, if the town or the TV station or the newspaper on the screen feels like it’s a part of the real world, then suddenly people are more inclined to go along and buy everything else. They’ll buy that a guy can put on a suit of armor and fly around the world. So choosing (the) newspaper might be a small thing in the grand scheme of things, but we have a masterful prop man.”

There’s one small mistake in there, because the paper in the film doesn’t actually use the same logo. It’s still blocky and red, but the actual Daily Times logo is thinner and has a distinctive S:

daily times

daily times on film

“I wish they had used the actual logo, instead of a knock-off”, says newspaper designer Ed Henninger, who works on The Daily Times. He does, however, call the “knock-off front page” a “reasonable imitation” of the real thing.

When the film premiered, The Daily Times couldn’t wait to boast about its on-screen appearance — which is no bad thing — and decided to announce it by running a copy of the film’s front page on their own front page. But it didn’t take up the whole of the cover, and just hangs around in the middle. It is, honestly, a bit of a confusing eyesore and takes a while to understand.

DAILY-TIMES-HOLLYWOOD
I’m pretty sure the actual printed version didn’t have a huge arrow on it, just FYI

Handily, however, this gives us a further peek at the newspaper design chops of the Marvel team… and I don’t want to repeat myself, but they have. “Stark presumed dead… famed Stark… Stark mansion” — and all of that with a huge picture of Tony Stark. It’s a nightmare and I think I’d rather not publish a newspaper than have one go out to the printers like that. It’s not a tricky problem to solve, either.

The headline could remain as it is, with the sub-headlines reading: “Public shocked by the potential death of famed inventor/playboy/hero/Tony”. Delete as appropriate. And at the bottom? “Malibu mansion slips into the sea” (or take out “the”, because hey, it’s a headline).

You may have also noticed that the fake Times also repeats another word, and that word is “local”. Normally this is a stupid move, because what would be in the paper that wasn’t a local issue or local person? But given that the lead story is about a man not from Tennessee being involved in an accident not in Tennessee, this might be justifiable action — unless it’s a devilish HYDRA ploy.